Filipino Treasures and Antiques


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Filipino treasures and antiques are ancient relics that belonged to the early Filipino people. Philippine archaeologists consider these items as “Philippine National Treasures” because they hold valuable pieces of information about the early culture of their ancestors.

Is the “Yamashita Treasure” considered PNT (Philippine National Treasures)?

The Yamashita Treasure actually consists of “war loots” plundered by the JIA (Japanese Imperial Army) mostly from different Asian countries back in WW2 (World War II). Since most of them do not originally belong in the Philippines, they are “not considered as PNT”. The same case goes to the “Spanish/Spaniards hidden treasures” in the country.

Treasures and Antiques

Top 5 Filipino Treasures and Antiques Recovered by Archaeologists


Filipino archaeologists in the Philippines actually keeps on finding newly discovered ancient relics and artifacts of their early ancestors. Through the study of these remnants of the past, it clearly shows that early Filipinos were utterly rich in cultures.

Note: All THs (treasure hunters) are off-limits or prohibited from conducting THing (treasure hunting) activities to any archaeological excavation sites.

Here are the following top 5 Filipino treasures and antiques recovered by the archaeologists:

1. Ancient Gold Treasures Found in Butuan Mindanao

One of the most popular archaeological sites in the Philippines is located in “Butuan, Mindanao”. This is the place where archaeologists discovered the “largest pile of ancient gold treasures” ever found in the country. During its early discovery, some says that these artifacts probably belonged to the Spaniards. However, further study of the artifacts had proven that they belonged to the 12th century, a time where the Spaniards was yet to discover the Philippines.

Aside from the numerous ancient relics and artifacts, there are also a lot of “mysterious writings” engraved on the stone walls around the place.

2. The Golden Mask Found in San Antonio, Oton Iloilo

“Alfredo Evangelista” and “F. Landa Jocan” discovered an amazing golden ancient mask known as, “The golden death mask of Oton” at the gravesite of “San Antonio, Oton Iloilo”. It is actually a very simple mask consisting of only a “nose-disk” and an “eye-mask”.

According to archaeological experts, the golden death mask dates back from the late 14th to 15th century A.D. and it is the “only first and one of its kind” found in the Philippines. Further studies of the archaeologists suggests that this mask was used as “protection against evil spirits” worn when performing burial ceremonies.

3. The Bolinao Skull with Gold Decorated Teeth

At the “Balingasay Archaeological Site in Bolinao, Pangasinan”, an interesting ancient skull was discovered consisting of remarkable teeth decorated with gold ornaments. Archaeologists claims that this skull belongs to a reputable and powerful leader during the ancient prehistoric era of the Philippines.

4. Golden Tara of Agusan, Mindanao

Filipino archaeologists were astounded when a “Manobo” women accidentally discovered a golden female statue at the “Wawa River of the Agusan” region in Mindanao. Examining the description of the image, it clearly shows that the culture belongs to an “Indian origin”. According to the archaeologists, prehistoric Filipino people were able to craft such magnificent piece of object due to the influence of the “Hindu-Malayan culture”.

The image is now known as the, “Golden Tara of Agusan”. It measures 5 and ½ inches tall weighing nearly 4 pounds of 21 carat gold. And currently, this PNT is displayed at the “Field Museum of National History” in Chicago, USA.

5. The Callao Man

“Dr. Armand Mijares” of U.P. Diliman and his team of archaeologists discovered the “earliest/oldest human fossil found in the Asia-Pacific region”. It is a “human foot bone” known to be around 67,000 years old based on the “uranium-series dating” test performed by the scientists.